James Serpell is the Co-investigator with Dr. Dodman in the Center’s inaugural canine behavior study. Dr. Serpell received his bachelor’s degree in Zoology from the University College London in 1974, and his PhD in Animal Behavior from the University of Liverpool in 1980. In 1985 he established the Companion Animal Research Group at the University of Cambridge. In 1993 James moved to the University of Pennsylvania where he lectures on veterinary ethics, applied animal behavior and welfare, and human-animal interactions. His research focuses on the behavior and welfare of dogs and cats, the development of human attitudes to animals, and the history and impact of human-animal relationships. He is the Marie A. Moore Professor of Animal Ethics & Welfare at the University of Pennsylvania, School of Veterinary Medicine and the Director, Center for the Interaction of Animals and Society (CIAS). Dr Serpell and associates developed C-BARQ (Canine Behavioral Assessment and Research Questionnaire) – a survey to provide standardized evaluations of canine temperament and behavior. C-BARQ is currently the only behavioral assessment instrument of its kind to be extensively tested for reliability and validity on large samples of dogs of many breeds.